AEFP 44th Annual Conference

Building the Connections Between Research and Policy

Kansas City Marriott Downtown - Kansas City, Missouri
March 21-23, 2019

AEFP 44th Annual Conference Program

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Concurrent Session VI - Friday, March 22, 2019 - 9:45am to 11:15am
6.01 - Improving College Outcomes: Evidence from New Interventions
Room: Big Joe Turner B

Chair: Amanda L. Griffith, Wake Forest University

Marie C. Hull, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The Impact of Project COMPASS. Dora Gicheva, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Julie Edmunds, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Beth Thrift, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Jeremy Bray, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Elizabeth Kopko, Teachers College Columbia University. Evaluation of a Multiple Measures Placement System Using Data Analytics: Early Impact Findings. Elisabeth A. Barnett, Teachers College Columbia University, Peter Bergman, Teachers College Columbia University, Vikash Reddy, University of California- Berkely, Clive Belfield, Teachers College Columbia University, Susha Roy, Harvard University
Patrick McEwan, Wellesley College. The Causal Effect of Introductory Grades on Major Choice. Akila Weerapana, Wellesley College
Jennifer Ash, Abt Associates. What is the Impact of a First-year Experience Course and Mentoring Program on Early Postsecondary Outcomes? Experimental Evidence from the Broncos FIRST Program. Austin Nichols, Abt Associates, Micah Villarreal, Abt Associates, Andrea Beach, Western Michigan University, Daniel A. Collier, Western Michigan University
6.02 - Preservice Teacher Placements and Coordinating Teacher Quality
Room: Lester Young A

Chair: Patrice Iatarola, Florida State University

Stacey Brockman, University of Michigan. Will Mentoring a Student Teacher Harm My Evaluation Scores? Effects of Serving as a Cooperating Teacher on Evaluation Metrics. Matthew Ronfeldt, University of Michigan, Emanuele Bardelli, University of Michigan, Stacey Brockman, University of Michigan, Hannah Mullman, University of Michigan
Emanuele Bardelli, University of Michigan. Can Administrative Data Help Identify Promising Clinical Placements? Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in a Teacher Preparation Program. Matthew Ronfeldt, University of Michigan, Hannah Mullman, University of Michigan, Matthew Truwit, University of Michigan
Xuehan Zhou, University of California - Irvine. First Impressions: Can Initial District Screenings of Applicants Predict Student and Teacher Outcomes on the Job?. Emily Penner, University of California - Irvine, Sabrina Solanki, University of California - Irvine
Hannah Mullman, University of Michigan. Does Cooperating Teacher Training Impact Coaching Practice or Candidate Preparation?. Matthew Ronfeldt, University of Michigan, Matthew Truwit, University of Michigan, Emanuele Bardelli, University of Michigan
6.03 - Exploring Causes of Teacher Turnover
Room: Lester Young B

Chair: Robert M. Costrell, University of Arkansas

Jinseok Shin, University of Texas at El Paso. Do Former Teachers Earn More Outside the Classroom? New Evidence on the Teacher Pay Penalty. David S. Knight, University of Texas at El Paso
J. Edward Guthrie, Vanderbilt University. Teacher Mobility Patterns Following School Closure
Eunji You, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Hidden Teacher Mobility and Teacher Preference . Peter Goff, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Lydia Gandy-Fastovich, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Minseok Yang, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Hyunwoo Yang, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Harvard University. The Effects of Pension Incentives on Teacher Retirement, Workforce Composition, and Student Achievement
6.04 - The Determinants of School and District Spending
Room: Jay McShann A

Chair: Stephane Lavertu, Ohio State University

Derek Wu, University of Chicago. Do Federal Grants Crowd Out Local Spending? Evidence from Title I
Yas Nakib, George Washington University. Spending and Staffing in Charter Schools. Drew Atchison, American Institutes for Research
Kerstin Le Floch, American Institutes for Research. School Resource Allocation, Flexibility and Decision-making Under the Title I Program. Jesse Levin, American Institutes for Research, Drew Atchison, American Institutes for Research, Courtney Tanenbaum, American Institutes for Research, Steven Hurlburt, American Institutes for Research, Stephanie Stullich, U.S. Department of Education
Andrew Litten, Cornerstone Research. Does the Stimulus Stick? The Role of Federal Spending on Local Hiring
6.05 - New Looks at Some of the Implications of Racial Inequality
Room: Mary Lou Williams A

Chair: JOYDEEP ROY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

Rachel Perera, Pardee RAND Graduate School. Exploring Long-term Trends in Racial/Ethnic Segregation, 1990 – 2015
Daniel Kreisman, Georgia State University. Statistically Black Names and Educational Outcomes. Jonathan Smith, Georgia State University
Meredith P. Richards, Southern Methodist University. The Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Dynamics of Public School District Secession, 1995-2015
Nicholas Holom, Montana State University. Do Public Libraries Increase Student Achievement? An Instrumental Variable Analysis. Gregory Gilpin, Montana State University
6.06 - The Complex Relationship between Education and Child Well-being
Room: Mary Lou Williams B

Chair: Celeste Carruthers, University of Tennessee

Bahadir Dursun, Princeton University. Curriculum Reforms and Infant Health. Ozkan Eren, University of California - Riverside, My Nguyen, Louisiana State University
Marigee Bacolod, Naval Postgraduate School. The Effects of Parental Absence and Workplace Stress on Children’s Educational Outcomes. Marcos A. Rangel, Duke University, Yu-Chu Shen, Naval Postgraduate School
Rajeev Darolia, University of Kentucky. Opioids and Education. John Tyler, Brown University
Elise Dizon-Ross, Stanford University. The Impacts of Rapid Re-housing on Homeless and Highly Mobile Students
6.07 - Policy Effects on Non-test Outcomes
Room: Bennie Moten A

Chair: Yan Li, Mississippi Department of Education

Douglas N. Harris, Tulane University. Is the Rise in High School Graduation Rates Real? High-stakes School Accountability and Strategic Behavior . Nathan Barrett, Tulane University, Lihan Liu, Tulane University, Rosie Li, NBER
Nhu Nguyen, University of Illinois at Chicago. The Extent of Teachers’ Influence on Student Attendance: Examining Sibling Spillover Effect in Absences
Ruben Perez Beltran, University of California-Santa Barbara. Going Beyond What is Expected: Examining the Relationship between Media Reports of ICE Activity and Absenteeism in a Historic Migrant Community. J. Jacob Kirksey, University of California-Santa Barbara, Rachael Karawan, University of California-Santa Barbara, Jennifer Freeman, University of California-Santa Barbara
Jennifer Freeman, University of California- Santa Barbara. Debunking the Myth that Schools are Sanctuaries: Examining Variation in the Impact of Immigration Enforcement Actions on Educational Outcomes. J. Jacob Kirksey, University of California- Santa Barbara, Carolyn Sattin-Bajaj, Seton Hall University, Michael Gottfried, University of California- Santa Barbara
6.08 - New Evidence on Portfolio Management in Urban School Districts
Room: Bennie Moten B

Chair: Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, University of Iowa

Ayesha Hashim, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Inside the black box of school autonomy: How diverse school providers use autonomy for school improvement . Susan C. Bush-Mecenas, Northwestern University, Katharine Strunk, Michigan State University, Julie Marsh, University of Southern California
Chris Torres, Michigan State University. From Central Office to Portfolio Manager in Three Cities: Responding to the Principal-Agent Problem through the Portfolio Management Model. Katrina Bulkley, Montclair State University, Ayesha Hashim, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Sarah Woodward, Tulane University, Julie Marsh, University of Southern California, Douglas N. Harris, Tulane University, Katharine Strunk, Michigan State University
Jeehee Han, Syracuse University. The Consequences of Capacity Constraints on School Program Delivery: Evidence on School Meal Participation in New York City. Michah W. Rothbart, Syracuse University, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Syracuse University
Dallas Dotter, Mathematica Policy Research. Portfolio-style Reforms and Student Achievement in Washington, D.C.. Duncan Chaplin, Mathematica Policy Research, Steven Glazerman, Mathematica Policy Research
6.09 - Easing the Transition to College: Early College Programs and Other Policy Options
Room: Julia Lee A

Chair: Joyce Levenson, United Federation of Teachers

Drew Atchison, American Institutes for Research. The Costs and Benefits of Early College High Schools. Krissy Zeiser, American Institutes for Research, Jesse Levin, American Institutes for Research, Salma Mohammed, American Institutes for Research, David S. Knight, University of Texas at El Paso
Scott Delhommer, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Two for One? Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Dual-Credit in Texas. Drew Atchison, American Institutes for Research, David S. Knight, University of Texas at El Paso, Holly Kosiewics, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Trey Miller, American Institutes for Research, Richard Murphy, University of Texas at Austin
Hee Jung Gong, University of Georgia. Impact of the TRIO Program on College Choice Process. Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Grant Clayton, University of Colorado Colorado Springs. Concurrent Enrollment and Advanced Placement: Substitution Effects and Cost Implications
6.10 - Examining Changing Institutional Tuition and Aid Policies
Room: Julia Lee B

Chair: Stephanie Cellini, George Washington University

Dominique Baker, Southern Methodist University. “Name and Shame”: An Effective Strategy for College Tuition Accountability?
Sam Riggs, Pennsylvania State University. A Viable Alternative to Ever-increasing Tuition and Aid? Using Synthetic Controls to Estimate the Effects of Tuition Decreases at Private Colleges and Universities.
Lauren Russell, Dartmouth College. Do College Applicants Respond to Changes in Sticker Prices Even When They Don't Matter?. Phillip Levine, Wellesley College, Jennifer Ma, The College Board
Amberly B. Dziesinski, Vanderbilt University. Who Gets Institutional Financial Aid? Changes since the Great Recession. William R. Doyle, Vanderbilt University
6.11 - The Full Consequences of Expanded Pre-K Access
Room: Andy Kirk A

Chair: Colin Chellman, City University of New York

Elizabeth Dhuey, University of Toronto. The Unintended Consequences of Increased Availability of Early Childhood Education
Jessica Brown, Princeton University. Does Public Pre-K Have Unintended Consequences on the Child Care Market for Infants and Toddlers?
Anna Shapiro, University of Michigan. If You Offer It, Will They Come? Patterns of Application and Enrollment Behavior in a Universal Prekindergarten Context. Eleanor Martin, University of Michigan, Christina Weiland, University of Michigan, Rebecca Unterman, MDRC
Qi Zheng, Peking University. Does Government Funding Crowd-Out Private Provision? Evidence from China (2001-2015) . Xiangyi Liao, Peking University, Yingquan Song, Peking University
6.12 - Segregation, Equal Opportunity, and the School District Map: Lessons from San Antonio
Room: Andy Kirk B

Chair: Josh McGree, Manhattan Institute/Laura and John Arnold Foundation

Policy Maker or Practitioner: Mohammed Choudhury, Chief Innovation Officer of San Antonio Independent School District
Discussants: Rebecca Sibilia, EdBuild, Christine Drennon, Trinity University, Mohammed Choudhury, San Antonio Independent School District, Josh McGree, Manhattan Institute/Laura and John Arnold Foundation

In many parts of the country, interdistrict school segregation is an entrenched problem with policy causes that span decades. These include segregative housing policies and related residential choices; school finance regimes that incentivize narrowly drawn districts; and state policies regarding district organization and governance. As a result, school integration efforts must contend with the legacies of these policies. Any integration plan must either work within the existing constraints or tackle the policies directly, through changes to district boundaries, state finance systems, and residential school assignment patterns. This panel will discuss these issues through the case of San Antonio, Texas, a city that exemplifies both the historical and present-day challenges of segregation.

Specifically, this panel will explore the historical policies that produced the facts on the ground in San Antonio, which parallel those in cases around the country. Once such policy was the shift to local, rather than county, authority over school districts and their organization. This move, in turn, had its roots in larger policy structures: It was motivated both by neighborhood segregation (racial and class-based), which had been created and strengthened by factors such as racial restrictions in the real estate market and the placement of public housing developments, and the desire of subcommunities to retain and control local property tax revenue, which was made possible by the school finance rules that governed different school district types. Demographic and financial divides opened up between districts as a result of the changes in school district organization. Then, additional policies, such as rules regarding district mergers and changes in local taxing authority, entrenched these disparities. Years of litigation have produced some relief in the area of school finance, but little for the underlying causes of the problems.

Today, as a direct result of this policy history, the map of school districts San Antonio is fractured, segregated, and marked by significant resource inequalities. The panel will discuss the current divides in the San Antonio area, and will zoom out to show how this case is representative of a problem that repeats around the country. This portion of the panel will include a significant visual component, using school district maps to show racial composition, levels of economic need, and financial resources.

Finally, the panel will turn to San Antonio’s integration efforts today. While the district is constrained by the borders and district composition that historical policies have yielded, the district is trying to improve and to integrate using an innovative system involving both controlled choice and creative uses of student and community demographic data. The discussion will include how the district is using Census block group data to better understand what integration can mean in the city; how integration efforts can be constructed within and across district borders; and what San Antonio’s experiences can teach other areas around the country dealing with the legacies of segregative policies.