AEFP 44th Annual Conference Program
Chair:, Urban Institute
Chair:, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chair:, University of California at Riverside
Chair:, Rutgers University
Chair:, University of Toronto
Chair:, University at Albany
Chair:, Hoover Institution
Chair:, University of Maryland - Baltimore County
Chair:, University of Maryland
Chair:, RTI International
Chair:, University of Michigan
Chair:, National School Transportation Association
On December 10, 2015, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) (P.L. 114-95) was signed by President Obama, reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) and replacing the No Child Left Behind Act. Under ESSA, more power is granted to states with states required to follow various reporting requirements. One of the requirements under ESSA is for school districts to report per-pupil current expenditures of Federal, State, and local funds for each school for the preceding fiscal year, disaggregated by source. The purpose of this new reporting requirement under ESSA is to improve the availability of school spending information to parents, students, teachers, school leaders, and the public. To that end, state educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) are to prepare and disseminate report cards in an understandable and uniform format to identify those costs, among others.
The Office of State Support (OSS) within the U.S. Department of Education (Department) can offer SEAs and LEAs technical assistance to help SEAs and LEAs in developing, implementing and disseminating report cards that are in compliance with Federal statutes and regulations. While the OSS provides significant technical resources for SEAs and LEAs to help them analyze their education costs, there is little to no guidance that has been provided on objectively assessing per-pupil transportation costs. Such guidance could include sophisticated cost-analysis tools for evaluating equipment, maintenance, fuel, facilities, labor, debt service, planning, routing, scheduling, driver recruitment and management costs. The specific technical assistance the National School Transportation Association (NSTA) is seeking from OSS is meant to assist SEAs and LEAs with the requirement to accurately report per-pupil transportation expenditures.
The NSTA has provided to the OSS for consideration a cost analysis tool that would help SEAs and LEAs to more accurately determine their per-pupil transportation expenditures as a part of their current expenditure costs. The school transportation cost analysis tool is currently under review by OSS for consideration as a resource to be offered to SEAs and LEAs for purposes of technical assistance.
Dialogue between junior and senior researchers through small networking sessions.