AEFP 45th Annual Conference

Toward a Meaningful Impact through Research, Policy & Practice

The Worthington Renaissance Fort Worth Hotel - Fort Worth, Texas
March 19-21, 2020

AEFP 45th Annual Conference Program

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Concurrent Session XI - Saturday, March 21, 2020 - 12:00pm to 1:30pm
11.01 - Staffing Challenges: Educator Labor Markets in Hard-to-Staff Schools and Subjects
Room: Live Oak I

Chair: Brendan Bartanen, Texas A&M University

Robert Mitchell, University of Colorado Colorado Springs. Classifying Shortages: Index Creation Related to School Desirability and Teacher Labor. Grant Clayton, University of Colorado Colorado Springs
Sewoong Lee, University of Missouri-Columbia. Examining the principal shortage and pipeline in rural schools. Minseok Yang, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Sewoong Lee, University of Missouri-Columbia
Allison Atteberry, CU-Boulder. The Effects of Bonuses for Recruiting and Retaining Effective Teachers in High Needs Schools in Denver. Mimi Engel, CU-Boulder, Dan Mangan, CU-Boulder, Michelle Doughty, CU-Boulder
Jason Burns, Michigan State University. Teachers’ Employment Decisions in Response to Turnaround: Evidence From Michigan. Katharine Strunk, Michigan State University, Joshua Cowen, Michigan State University, Jason Burns, Michigan State University, Aliyah McIlwain, Michigan State University
11.02 - High School Interventions
Room: Post Oak

Chair: Shaun M. Dougherty, Vanderbilt University

Brian A Jacob, University of Michigan. Measuring the Demand for and Effects of Career Technical Education. Brian A Jacob, University of Michigan, Michael D Ricks, University of Michigan
Patricia Navarro-Palau, Inter-American Development Bank. Technical education: an ally of academic high school? . Gregory Elacqua, Inter-American Development Bank, María Fernanda Prada, Inter-American Development Bank, Sammara Soares, Inter-American Development Bank
Christopher Severen, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. Mobility Restrictions, Human Capital Attainment, and Teen Employment. Valerie Bostwick, Kansas State University, Christopher Severen, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
11.03 - New Dimensions of Equity in Postsecondary Education
Room: Elm Fork I

Chair: Celeste Carruthers, University of Tennessee

Abigail Dym, University of Pennsylvania. The Legacy of Race-Neutral Federal Education Policy: Revisiting the Racial and Fiscal Equity of Aid from the GI Bill. Abigail Dym, University of Pennsylvania
Heather McCambly, Northwestern University. Change Agents or Same Agents?: The Design and Effects of Racialized Frames in Higher Education Philanthropy
Amit Kumar, Jawaharlal Nehru University. Household Financing of Higher Education in India: Evidence from NSSO Data. Amit Kumar, Jawaharlal Nehru University
Yahya Shamekhi, Pennsylvania State University. Decomposing Financial Inequality across U.S. Higher Education Institutions. John Cheslock, Pennsylvania State University, Yahya Shamekhi, Pennsylvania State University
11.04 - Adapting to Fiscal Constraints in Education
Room: Live Oak III

Chair: Kathy J. Hayes, Southern Methodist University

Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, University of Iowa. Has Tax Increment Financing Helped or Hurt Rural School Districts’ Property Tax Base? The Case of Iowa. Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, University of Iowa
Frank Perrone, University of New Mexico. The unintended consequences of a four-day school week on house prices: Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment in Colorado. Adam D. Nowak, West Virginia University, Frank Perrone, University of New Mexico, Patrick S. Smith, San Diego State University
Nathan B Anderson, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Uncertainty in School District Revenues: Allocation of Risk Between Schools and Taxpayers . Nathan B Anderson, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Brittany Nicole Vasquez, University of Michigan. Privatization in Education: Evidence from District Contracting
11.05 - Collective Bargaining & Unions
Room: Bur Oak

Chair: Josh Cowen, Michigan State University

Adam Kirk Edgerton, University of Pennsylvania. Worth the Partisan Political Battle? Teachers’ Collective Bargaining Agreements and Student Achievement
Minseok Yang, University of Wisconsin-Madison. War on Teacher Unions: The Effects of Teacher Union Reform on Teacher Turnover
Susan Bush-Mecenas, Northwestern University. Negotiating “A More Perfect Union”?: Politics, Power, and Institutional Work of Collective Bargaining in Education. Bradley Marianno, University of Nevada Las Vegas
Kate E. Kennedy, University of Southern California. The Micropolitics of CMO Charter Teacher Union Organizing. Kate E. Kennedy, University of Southern California, David S. Woo, Vanderbilt University, Bradley D. Marianno, University of Nevada
11.06 - Teachers and Teacher Evaluation
Room: Live Oak II

Chair: James Cowan, American Institutes for Research

William Delgado, University of Chicago. The Kids Matter: Unpacking the Relationship between Classroom Characteristics and Classroom Observation Ratings. William Delgado, University of Chicago, Lauren Sartain, University of North Carolina, Andrew Zou, University of Chicago Consortium on School Research
Olivia G. Carr, Vanderbilt University. The Use of Student Assessments to Evaluate Teachers: An International, Longitudinal Study
W. Jesse Wood, Michigan State University. Student-Faculty Race Match Effect on Student Achievement
Ying Shi, Syracuse University. The Prevalence and Consequences of Positive Stereotyping: The Case of Asian-Americans. Maria Zhu, Syracuse University
11.07 - Impact of External Shocks on Student Achievement and Well-Being
Room: Live Oak IV

Chair: Scott Imberman, Michigan State Unviersity

Claudia Persico, American University. The Spillover Effects of Pollution: How Exposure to Lead Affects Everyone in the Classroom. Ludovica Gazze, University of Chicago, Sandra Spirovska, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sarah Crittenden Fuller, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Investigating the Impact of Hurricane Exposure on Student Achievement and Behavior. Cassandra R. Davis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
J. Kessa Roberts, Southern Methodist University. When Disaster Strikes: Homeless Students’ Educational Outcomes Before and After Hurricane Harvey. J. Kessa Roberts, Southern Methodist University, Meredith Richards, Southern Methodist University, Alexandra Pavlakis, Southern Methodist University
Agustina Laurito, University of Illinois at Chicago. The educational effects of the heroin crisis in the US: evidence from population data. Jonathan Cantor, RAND Corporation
11.08 - How Policy Choices Affect Student Well-Being
Room: Elm Fork II

Chair: Brooks Bowden, North Carolina State University

Xu Han, University of Maryland at College Park. The Role of Representative Bureaucracy in Mitigating the Trauma of Mass Shootings: Evidence from Florida Public Primary Schools. Rui Wang, American University, Xu Han, University of Maryland at College Park
Jared Beasley, University of Missouri. Free Ride Home Programs: An Examination of Program Effectiveness. Jared Beasley, University of Missouri
Alexa Prettyman, Georgia State University. Happy 18th Birthday, Now Leave: The Hardships of Aging Out of Foster Care. Alexa Prettyman, Georgia State University
Caiqun Xu, University of Rochester. Estimating the effect of state school counseling mandates on the use of school counselors. Caiqun Xu, University of Rochester
11.09 - Friends Unlike Me: Peer Groups in Postsecondary Education
Room: West Fork II

Chair: Thomas Dee, Stanford University

Daniel Oliver, Tulane University. Classmates Like Me: Race and Ethnicity in College. Daniel Oliver, Tulane University
Yifeng Luo, Teachers College. Why Peers Matter: The Impact of Peers on Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills
Adam C. Wright, Western Washington University. Social Networks and College Performance: Evidence from Dining Data. John M. Krieg, Western Washington University, Darius D. Martin, Western Washington University
Andrew Hill, Montana State University. The Effect of Teammate Personality on Team Production. Stacey Hancock, Montana State University, Andrew Hill, Montana State University
11.10 - Tuition and Economic Policy Effects on Postsecondary Education
Room: West Fork I

Chair: Stephanie Cellini, George Washington University

Laura W. Perna, University of Pennsylania. A Framework for Understanding the Benefits and Costs of College Promise Programs that Vary in Design and Implementation. Jeremy Wright-Kim, University of Pennsylvania, Elaine W. Leigh, University of Pennsylvania
Galit Eizman, Harvard University. Trend of TraED: The Impact of International Trade Trends on International Students Flows. Galit Eizman, Harvard University
Alfredo Martin, Georgia State University. The Effect of Free Higher Education on Students' College Choices and Performance. Evidence From Chile
Aaron Phipps, United States Military Academy. Does Free Community College Reduce Army Enlistment? Evidence from Tennessee Promise. Celeste Carruthers, University of Tennessee, Michael Kofoed, United States Military Academy, Jenna Kramer, Vanderbilt University
11.11 - Understanding and Supporting Pathways for Success for Community College Students
Room: Live Oak V

Chair: Christine Mokher, Florida State University

Isaac McFarlin, University of Florida. Can re-enrollment campaigns help college dropouts return to college? Evidence from a multi-site experiment. Justin C. Ortagus, University of Florida, Melvin Tanner, University of Florida, Isaac McFarlin, University of Florida
Lauren Schudde, University of Texas at Austin. Heterogeneous Returns to Credits for Public Two-Year College Entrants: Examining Patterns for Degree Recipients and Non-Completers. Lauren Schudde, University of Texas at Austin, Meghan Shea, University of Texas at Austin
Yuxin Lin, University of Southern California. Stratified trajectories: Examining diverging pathways through community colleges. Margaret Fay, Community College Research Center, John Fink, Community College Research Center
Benjamin Skinner, University of Florida. Why did you go? Using Bayesian multilevel regression with poststratification to understand why community colleges students exit early. Justin Ortagus, University of Florida, Benjamin Skinner, University of Florida, Melvin Tanner, University of Florida
11.12 - Applying Geographic Cost Adjustments to State Policy Initiatives and Funding Formulas; and to Data from the Title I Formula
Room: Trinity Central

Chair: Amy Baker, Florida State Legislature Office of Economic and Demographic Research

Policy Maker or Practitioner: Amy Baker, Florida State Legislature Office of Economic and Demographic Research
Discussants: Lori Taylor, Texas A&M University, Tom Snyder, U.S. Department of Education, Stephen Cornman, U.S. Department of Education, Duoglas Geverdt, U.S. Department of Education

There is very high demand for a geographic cost adjustment index that provides geographic cost adjustment factors to facilitate cross-area comparisons at the state, county, and school district levels. This policy talk will explore the application of geographic cost adjustments to State policy initiatives; State funding formulas; and the data from Federal education funding formulas, such as the Title I program.

School districts use real resources—teachers, principals, classroom materials—to produce education. Because of price differences, real resources are more expensive in some locations than in others and expenditures for the same services vary in different parts of the country. School districts in high cost environments must spend more than districts in low cost environments just to provide the same level of educational services. Inequalities in school district purchasing power complicate cross-state comparisons of school finance data and undermine the equity and adequacy goals of school finance formulas within states.

Recently the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Census Bureau developed the Comparable Wage Index for Teachers (CWIFT), which is a measure of the systematic, regional variations in the salaries of college graduates who are not K-12 educators (in this context, those with occupations or employers in elementary or secondary education). CWIFT is designed to adjust district-level finance data (primarily, staff salaries/wages) in order to make better comparisons across geographic areas and can be updated annually.

This session will discuss the many possible applications of the CWIFT. Specifically, the session will provide examples regarding: applying the CWIFT to a congressionally mandated study on the Title I Formula; prospectively applying the CWIFT to the Florida Education Finance Program; applying a similar geographic cost adjustment to the New Jersey education funding formula; and using the CWIFT in scholarly research.